An Analyzation of Socrates’ Argument: No One Desires Something He or She Believes To Be Bad

In Plato's Meno, Socrates contends that 'no one desires something he or she believes to be bad' (77e).  Socrates' argument is as follows (starting at 78a): 1. Everyone knows that if something is bad it’s harmful. 2. So to want something you believe is bad as such involves wanting to be harmed. 3. But no…

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The Philosophical Life In Plato’s ‘Apology’

In Plato’s Apology, Socrates asserts that if the jury were to let him off on the condition that he stop philosophizing, he would nevertheless disobey the order and continue philosophizing.  Socrates maintains this position because he believes that virtue and care of the soul should be one’s primary concern in life.  Socrates claims that “the…

‘The Defense of Palamedes’ — A Rhetorical Analysis

Plato defined rhetoric, along with its chief proponent, Gorgias, as a shadow discipline, or ‘experiential knack’ (Gorgias, 463c), that is a phantom counterpart to philosophy. In this paper, though, I will look at Gorgias and sophistical argumentation without Plato’s prejudicial lens. This is not a paper about what constitutes sophistry or rhetoric in contrast to…

Virtue in Plato’s ‘Protagoras’

In Plato’s Protagoras, Socrates and Protagoras discuss whether or not virtue, or "the ability to live the best possible life" (Taylor, Introduction), can be taught.  Protagoras begins the dialogue by asserting that virtue is something that can be taught and that he is capable of teaching it.  Socrates takes the position that virtue is something…

An Argument For Theaetetus’ Claim: Knowledge Is Perception

Socrates’ claim that “things such as size or warmth or whiteness belong neither to the object we measure ourselves against of touch or to we who are doing the measuring or touching” (154b) is a result of taking Heraclitean and Protagorean ideas to their logical extremes. Moreover, in this conclusion, Socrates combined the Heraclitean theory of flux with Theaetetus’ claim that…